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Archived 14 February at the Wayback Machine BBC, 25 January Werner Bergmans, Eindhoven, the Netherlands. Archived from the original on 2 April Retrieved 2 March Tupolev: The Man and His Aircraft illustrated ed.

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Archived from the original on 13 November El Espectador in Spanish. Archived from the original on 24 September Archived from the original on 21 November The Moscow Times. The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 21 April Retrieved 18 April Norwegian Defence Research Establishment.

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of Culture and Tourism. Archived from the original on 18 August Retrieved 16 August Archived from the original on 25 April Archived from the original on 25 December The bomber has a variable-sweep wing of the integral low-wing scheme.

Maximum takeoff weight is tons, the length is The practical ceiling is 15, meters. The bomber has four turbojet double-flow engines NK with a boost chamber.

The Tupolev Tu is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing heavy strategic bomber designed in the s. It is the largest and heaviest supersonic military aircraft ever built and second to the experimental XB Valkyrie in overall length.

As of , it is the largest and heaviest combat aircraft, the fastest bomber in use, and the largest and heaviest variable-sweep wing airplane ever flown.

Entering service in , the Tu was the last strategic bomber designed for the Soviet Union. As of , the Russian Air Force's Long Range Aviation branch had 16 aircraft in service.

The Tu active fleet has been undergoing upgrades to electronics systems since the early s. The TuM modernization program of existing models has begun with the first updated aircraft delivered in December In January the first serial-built aircraft had its test flight, with two planned for delivery in from 10 on order.

Plans include 50 new TuM bombers and upgrading 16 existing aircraft, a programme that is ongoing. The first overhauled and partially modernized aircraft was accepted into Russian service after testing in July The aircraft reportedly received the capability to use conventional weapons but was not upgraded with new avionics as previously planned.

The first modernized aircraft capable of carrying the new long-range Kh conventional cruise missile was delivered to the Russian Air Force in April ; a follow-up contract for the modernization of three more aircraft is estimated to cost RUR3.

The modernization appeared to be split into two phases, first concentrating on life extension with some initial communication—navigation updates, followed by engine upgrades after In November , a Tu upgraded with new radar and avionics performed its first flight.

The aircraft was delivered to the Russian Air Force as the TuM model in December The phase I update was due to be completed by , but industrial limitations may delay it to or beyond. Although Kuznetsov designed an NKM engine with improved reliability over the NK engines, its successor company has struggled to deliver working units.

Metallist-Samara JSC had not produced new engines for a decade when it was given a contract in to overhaul 26 of the existing engines, by two years later, only four were finished. Ownership and financial concerns hinder the prospects of a new production line; the firm insists it needs a minimum of 20 engines ordered per year but the government is only prepared to pay for 4—6 engines per year.

A further improved engine has been bench tested and may enter production in or later. Deliveries started in and 5 aircraft have been equipped with the new engines as of August On 29 April , Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, on the order of President Putin, announced that Russia was resuming production of the Tu In May , TASS reported that the Russian Air Force would purchase at least 50 newly built Tus and that the production of the aircraft would resume at KAPO.

General Viktor Bondarev has said that the development of the PAK DA will continue alongside the resumption of production of the older model bomber. On 16 November , a newly assembled Tu, built from an unfinished Tu airframe, was unveiled during a roll-out ceremony at KAPO, signifying a restoration of certain production technologies such as electron-beam welding or titanium work reportedly lost after the termination of serial production in According to Dmitri Rogozin, the serial production of completely new airframes for the modernized TuM2 should begin in with deliveries to the Russian Air Force in The aircraft, named Petr Deinekin, after the first commanding officer of the Russian Air Force Gen.

By: Sens - 27th October at Permalink - Edited 1st January at By: SwingKid - 27th October at Permalink - Edited 1st January at It's a good illustration. For those unfamiliar with the decibel scale, this diagram shows a maximum RCS of about 6.

What meaning can it have, to quote any single number as this aircraft's "RCS"? Is it a reduction of the maximum value, the average value, or the frontal value? If it's a "hotspot" solution, then it's probably just reducing the largest "spikes" at the sides, but leaving the frontal RCS perhaps relatively unchanged.

To design and manufacture a real "reduced RCS" aircraft requires more than hotspot solutions or even software simulations - it's necessary that the measured RCS match the simulated RCS for such simulations to have any value.

But the measured RCS is extremely "random" and difficult to predict, and the smaller the radar wavelength used to detect the aircraft, the more spurious "spikes" and "dips" there will be in the RCS pattern.

The only hope is to have extremely fine manufacturing tolerances, so that the simulation and measurement models match as perfectly as possible. Then if there is a "spike" or other disparity between the designed and measured RCS, there is some hope that the cause of it can be discovered in simulation and fixed.

So Russia has two challenges - first it must construct a facility for controllably measuring RCS from different angles, and second, it must improve manufacturing tolerances so that the simulations and measurements match.

Only then it will have the tools for building stealthy aircraft. Until then, Russia is stuck using active jammers to hide its aircraft, and using "hot-spot" solutions to keep the RCS "spikes" from exceeding the capabilities of the jammers to hide them.

This is a completely different goal than Western "RCS reduction", which is to reduce dependence on active jamming. Either way, the quoted numerical accomplishments are demonstrably meaningless without much more information.

Is there a reliable source that says compressor blades were coated with something? My understanding is that these things need to be manufactured out of a single pure crystal of metal for them to withstand the heat of their revolutions per minute.

I know more about radar than aerodynamics, but covering a supersonic turbine blade with iron ball paint or a quarter-wavelength dielectric layer doesn't seem compatible with supersonic performance. By: aerospacetech - 27th October at Permalink - Edited 1st January at I'm pretty sure the first two fan stages were coated in some radar absorbing material, but I'm not sure of the source.

Thus its front quarter RCS is quite a bit larger than the Fs, for example. By treating the intakes, canopy, etc, the maximum worst case front quarter RCS is reduced by a factor of The maximum detection distance of the said Su by enemy radars is accordingly reduced somewhat.

By: flex - 27th October at Permalink - Edited 1st January at I am into acoustics more than radars but in our business the overall noise equals at least the value of the highest spike within the asked frequency range, no matter how hard they'd try to optimise the rest.

So it is pretty sensible to reduce the spikes first. This is all we do in out acoustics lab to make your BMW or Mercedes servo motor less vibrating and less noisy. The oh-so-praised overall RCS reduction as announced by US companies is technically impossible, the numbers which compare the overall RCS of a Raptor to a small bird are at also only at certain angles.

You have to make decisions first before starting to reduce the RCS. What are our priorities? Is it absolutely necessary that a ICBM launcher of Tu class features overall stealth design? Even seen from rear while its missiles are being fired from over 2.

This all by double development costs, four times maintenance costs and severely impaired flight characteristics?

Or is it more appropriate to reduce the reflection spikes, and thus the effective RCS, seen from front on approach when the mission is becoming critical and let the rear RCS be? This is a common practise in Europe, when the designers of aircraft like Rafale or Typhoon feature greatly reduced RCS at approach angles seen from front but paid little attention to noise levels, heat signature, and RCS from aft.

Yes, B-2A or FA are so-called overall stealth designs, but at what costs? Stealth does not only mean curvatures, facettes and RAM, it is also about bonding technology, production accuracy, special paint coats that usually are to be exchanged after few missions etc.

By: over G - 27th October at Permalink - Edited 1st January at Again strategic boomers are very predectible i really doubt about the first strike capacibilities of the b2 or b1 or any boomer, and i doubt a looot more against mobile targets there also decoys, and the shoot range is very lower , so i think that the only thing that you can do is go fast and high, and start to praise, with ecm Again the rutes at low level are very limited, well everything in this world dont work always, at low level you can shootdowned by radar, ir missiles, aaa, woods, stones, and birds,also at low level air-air missiles have more range, i prefer go high and fast, fighting with powerful ecm, maybe using an effective CIWS.

Again the rutes at low level are very limited, well everything in this world dont work always, at low level you can shootdowned by radar, ir missiles, aaa, woods, stones, and birds, also at low level air-air missiles have more range, i prefer go high and fast, fighting with powerful ecm, maybe using an effective CIWS.

Reducing spikes and hotspots is fine, as long as we understand the limits of such methods. But to think that the Tu has smaller RCS than the MiG because of turbine coatings only exhibits a lack of understanding aggravated by media reporting.

The head-on RCS looking straight down the engine intake would be practically the same. The cases in which such RAM can have an effect is when radio energy enters the intake at an angle and must bounce around inside the RAM-lined intake before and after it's reflected from the turbine blades.

effect of the bounces from the coated intakes anyway. In short the benefit to be gained from coating turbine blades with RAM should not offset the technological difficulty of doing it, and either way the pure "head-on" as opposed to "frontal quarter" RCS spike will be hardly reduced.

The most interesting form of RCS reduction for me is mentioned in aerospacetech's quoted article and refers to the radar antennas behind the radio-transparent nosecone. In the F, a flat-plate antenna is used which has small RCS unless it is illuminated head-on in which case the F has locked the target and is painting it with radar anyway.

In the B-1B an angled ESA is used. With such small antenna RCS and engine turbines not visible from the front or above, it makes sense to try to reduce reflections from the cockpit. But the corner reflectors all around the Tu nose and the complex Cassegrain and parabolic antenna shapes used on Russian aircraft radars will dominate over any cockpit "spike".

The most realistic proposal Russians have made to reduce radar antenna RCS is to fill the nosecones with plasma - thereby rendering all the antenna equipment unusable. While this is a creative idea and probably a neat option to have when operating in EMCON mode, it's not very practical and really exposes just how hopelessly desperate RCS reduction for existing Russian aircraft has become.

What are needed are entirely new radars with low RCS properties designed from the start. Until then, engine and cockpit coatings are more of experimental than practical value.

By: Anonymous - 28th October at Permalink - Edited 16th October at I have heard that extra aircraft on the production line had been completed so the potential for more to be made probably exists. And why would an aircraft designed to launch weapons 3,km away from its intended target need to fly very fast and very low?

and the B-1B program had no problems at all and its ECM system worked perfectly first time. The Tu is to recieve a unified upgrade that is also being applied to Tu and TuM3 aircraft. This will no doubt improve performance further and make it even more useful.

So if shape means everything and materials mean nothing I wonder why RAM are even applied to any aircraft let alone aircraft like B-2s and Fs. First of all you know everything about Russian RCS facilities how? Equally a real life test against a real system is a waste of time why?

In comparison the B-1B must fly to within a few hundred kms of its targets with the weapons it carries while the Tu can fly up to 5,km away from its target if it is carrying Khs. if that is their mission then the Tu is the best strategic bomber in the world at least it can perform its mission.

The US had complete air superiority and overwhelming forces in the region of iraq a relatively small area.

The Tupolev Tu is a supersonic strategic bomber - rocket carrier, designed for high and low altitude flights with variable wing geometry This and special coating of cockpit-glass are very effective methods to better RCS.:) Richardson gives an original value of 15 qm for Tu and B-1A was 10 qm The Tupolev Tu (Russian: Туполев Ту, NATO reporting name: Blackjack) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing heavy strategic bomber designed by the

Another upgraded Tu-160M Blackjack strategic bomber makes maiden flight

Practica tu Blackjack - Duration The Tupolev Tu is a supersonic strategic bomber - rocket carrier, designed for high and low altitude flights with variable wing geometry This and special coating of cockpit-glass are very effective methods to better RCS.:) Richardson gives an original value of 15 qm for Tu and B-1A was 10 qm The Tupolev Tu (Russian: Туполев Ту, NATO reporting name: Blackjack) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing heavy strategic bomber designed by the

This and special coating of cockpit-glass are very effective methods to better RCS. Richardson gives an original value of 15 qm for Tu and B-1A was 10 qm, when I remember well. The reduced Tu comes to 2,5 qm and is better than a MiG by that.

A clean B-1B is 0,75 qm. By: over G - 26th October at Permalink - Edited 1st January at well,is hard to analyse the polemic between tu and b1 rcs, both planes have the same shape, so i cant made an objetive comparation lacking of evidences, but i dont think that both are significant stealth.

Sens, about the cruiser speed, well maybe you dont understand that those planes are normaly in patrol in some strategic areas,and those areas get near in critical situations, so well, when the apocalipsis starts, is time to run like hell!!!! to the launching positions, the b2 suposely have the stealth advantage, but it disapears with the position info tracking in the patrol area easy with radars, sattelite, ships, aicraft etc is just too slow and too predectible, low level attack is an bad idea you have less range, and exposed to more weapons, also the speed of low level is relative, i mean with all the maniouvres avoiding obstacules, i think that the max low level speed is rarely achieved, anyway i dont like all strategic bombers tu,b1,b2,etc.

Richardson is talking out of his rear end generally, so I can't take his estimate for the Tu seriously- almost every other figure he gives differs from the actual figure where I have one. His figures are ESTIMATES circa By: SwingKid - 26th October at Permalink - Edited 1st January at Yefim Gordon's book shows some black paint on the engine intakes of a single test Tu, but there's no evidence this has been applied to the other operational bombers.

It probably proved useless, since RAM accounts for very little RCS reduction on aircraft - RAM tests on MiG and Su also amounted to nothing - anechoic chambers are covered with think jagged spikes of carbon-soaked sponge, not with black paint. RAM coating only becomes a factor when the dominant RCS caused by the aircraft's shape has been reduced to ridiculous levels.

What good is coated "cockpit glass" when the cockpit is not even visible from below? Russia has no facilities for design and test of RCS model shapes, all they can do is fly the full-scale experiment over a SAM radar and hope for the best.

Good to satisfy the paymasters that work is being done, but such a method will never produce results. What is the source for the "reduced" Tu? When the Russians start mounting airplanes on poles in the Kazakhstan desert, then they'll be working on RCS reduction.

Until then all talk of Russian RCS reduction is nothing serious. There have been several articles in Avweek etc from a Russian bureau who have worked on RCS reduction. I can send you the article if you want.

The Tu did undergo RCS reduction; the intakes were kept shrouded in public for quite a while to prevent the treatments becoming public knowledge. How many aircraft were modified, I don't know. The thing about RCS is very small things can contribute very large amounts to the RCS.

By treating these hotspots, you can significantly reduce RCS. Not to the level of stealth aircraft, clearly, but potentially significant. Russian companies have full access to RCS prediction software now, but they currently lack the manufacturing capabilities to implement real stealth design.

Book , last data and JANE'S :p. To understand the problem of quoting absolute figures I did a scan. A 3-D-modell looks much more interesting, which itself differs by flight-configuration and atmospheric conditions. I think it is enough to get a first idea.

RCS reduction values differ with radar-wave-length. Keep it simple, a Tu will bank or fly low. If not fighters at same height or above carry a radar too. These are interesting numbers but they don't actually mean anything. Radar cross section is like the "glint" from a shiny car.

From one angle, the entire windshield is reflecting the sun. From another angle, it's dark. Simply rotating any typical object by as much as 1 degree can easily cause its RCS to fluctuate by the dB factors quoted above or more.

Is that all they did? How did they know the aspect they were looking at from the "before" and "after" tests were exactly the same? One source will say the MiG has a 3 sqm RCS, another will say 2, another will say 10 - and they'll all be correct, because the real RCS is ", depending on aspect and frequency".

As long as you use the same measurement standard e. max-aspect RCS vs 10 GHz radar , you can make meaningful comparisons. But RCS without such qualifiers is as meaningful as missile range without knowing shooter and target velocities, aspects and altitudes.

And the manufacturer will always take advantage of that to "spin" the numbers in own favor. This is not strictly a Russian problem, the Americans do this even worse, with "bird-" and "insect-size" RCS that leaves internet analysts measuring beetle diameters. The reduction of "spikes" can be accomplished with minor modifications, but this is just another example of the "cheating with numbers" I described above.

Let's illustrate with an example. This Russian RCS firm is handed a Tu for RCS reduction. They notice that from a certain angle, the RCS pattern has a big "spike", or hotspot. At this particular angle and frequency, the RCS is square meters.

The apply minor modifications and "hotspot" treatments to eliminate the spike. Now the RCS pattern is smoother, let's say 15 square meters from every direction.

Now the RCS company says "we reduced the RCS by a factor of 6! Richardson looks at the layout of the Tu and estimates the RCS should be around 15 square meters. He has no way of predicting "spikes", this is just an average estimate. Now I come along and say "the original Tu RCS is 15 square meters, because Richardson said so, and the Russians reduced it by a factor of six.

Now it's 2. All accomplished with minor "hotspot" treatments! Agreed, but I call this "glint reduction" instead of "RCS reduction".

The reflection of the sun from the windshield is not considered part of the normal appearance of the automobile. A corner reflector is not "glint".

It contributes to general RCS in a wide range of directions. There is no way to compensate for this with "hotspot" treatments. Real RCS reduction can only be built into the airplane from the paper design, not added as an afterthought.

And the RCS figures in western sources like Richardson are NOT talking about spurious glint. Mix these numbers in with Russian RCS reduction claims at own risk. I am no friend of atomic bombers. Each year the industry will have to hand over aircraft to the armed forces.

In total, it was planned to purchase about fifty bombers. The first flight of a new modification of the strategic bomber Tu can be held in , Commander Air Space Forces VKS Russia Viktor Bondarev told reporters 02 March In the decision was made to resume the production of Tu in a modernized version - the TuM2 - and move to the finalization of a new generation bomber PAK DA at a later date.

The Russian Defense Ministry reported that the serial production of Tum2 was due to start in The Russian plan was to buy at least 50 of these machines. In the decision was made to resume the production of Tu is a modernized version of the completion of the transfer and the new generation bomber PAK DA at a later date.

The Russian Defense Ministry reported that serial production was due to start in This FSI Russian plan to buy at least 50 of these machines. PAK DA bombers, based on the Tupolev Tu, were expected to enter into service in Some say that the aircraft could be equipped with hypersonic weapons.

The plane was also expected to be fitted with some equipment from the fifth-generation PAK FA fighter. In early February , the Deputy Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation Yuri Borisov said that the modernized Tu will have completely different characteristics compared with existing aircraft in this series.

According to Borisov, the preparation of the industry to the production of upgraded bomber went according to plan. United Aircraft Corporation UAC would begin technical re-equipment of the Kazan aircraft construction plant named after Gorbunov during to produce upgraded missile carriers Tu This was announced by the president of KLA Yuri Slusar.

He said one of the goals of the project was to get an aircraft factory at a higher technological level. The cost of upgrading the plant would amount to tens of billions of rubles in , respectively, which is comparable with the launch of new production aircraft.

The Missile carrier TuM2 retains the external appearance, but the "stuffing" is a completely new, corresponding to modern military doctrine of Russia.

About 20 enterprises of Tatarstan, including "Kazan Helicopter Plant" and "Kamaz" would unite to resume production of the strategic bomber Tu missile at the site of the Kazan aircraft construction plant named after Gorbunov.

Th head of the Republic Rustam Minnikhanov told reporters "Kamaz will be used, and Kazan Helicopter Plant, and the enterprise of electronic industry, educational and research our structures About 20 companies we are involved in this project.

He recalled that Tatarstan had large enterprises for the production of aircraft, aircraft engines, electronics. The republic has high schools, which train specialists for the aircraft industry. KLA President Yuri Slusar and Tatarstan President Rustam Minnikhanov on 10 March signed an agreement in Kazan on cooperation between the United Aircraft Corporation and the Government of the Republic of Tatarstan.

A project of restoration of the production of the Tu aircraft at the Kazan aircraft plant, we restore production, interrupted 22 years ago, we very much hope to help republic ", said Slusar. Yuri Borisov, Deputy Defense Minister, said 10 February that the Tupolev strategic rocket aircraft production restart initiative goes as planned and the deadlines stay unchanged.

It was announced that the Tupolev production will be resumed in at the latest. Yuri Borisov notes that there are still issues with the industry. We as the customer have executed all the contracts with OAO Tupolev, the chief contractor. Now it’s high time to monitor the work progress”, Sputnik International quotes the Deputy Defense Minister as saying.

There are video cameras installed at the production facilities, and we use video conferencing to check the progress”, Yuri Borisov noted. KRET is developing the avionics suite for the upgraded Tupolev The new suite is expected to be ready by The upgraded aircraft will feature the integrated modular avionics to be subsequently used on the PAK DA next generation strategic bomber project.

Under the Tupolev upgrade program KRET is to develop new airborne computers and other systems, monitoring tools, electronic warfare equipment, fuel gauging, and weapons control systems. KRET will also deliver the newest platformless inertial navigation system which is able to navigate the Tupolev without satellite signals.

It significantly boosts the aircraft combat performance when the enemy uses electronic warfare systems, or the navigation satellites are off. In August , the Russian Aerospace Forces said the bomber may make its maiden flight as early as late The current baseline figure for the TuM2 is 50 aircraft," Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov said 13 October after holding talks with enterprises working on the project.

Current work involved improving the plane's technical specifications, especially its weight parameters, he added, noting that its serial production may start around Russia's United Aircraft Corporation UAC plans batch manufacturing of upgraded TuM2 strategic bombers in of up to 50 units per year, UAC President Yuri Slyusar said 11 Apri He estimated that UAC would build from 30 to 50 of the bombers annually, noting that talks were underway with buyers on the specific number.

The bombers flew by the borders of Russia over the Arctic and Pacific Oceans and finally landed at Engels base in the Volga region. Tupolev completed bench tests of modernised avionics complex for the Tu bomber in March The Russian Defence Ministry awarded a RUB3.

A Tu aircraft with upgraded airborne radar and navigation equipment made first flight on 16 November It entered service with the Russian Air Force in December The Tu has eight variants: TuS, TuV, Tu NK, TuM, TuP, TuPP, TuR and TuSK.

TuV is an upgraded version which uses liquid hydrogen as fuel while Tu NK is an advance version powered by NK engines. TuM can accommodate two additional long-range, hypersonic Kh missiles.

TuP, also known as Tu, is a long range escort or interceptor aircraft. The Kh GELA ГЭЛА гиперзвуковой экспериментальный летательный аппарат AS-X was a Soviet Russian Air to Surface cruise missile which was supposed to replace subsonic intermediate range missiles in Soviet inventory.

The missile was an ambitious project, as the main objective was to develop it into hypersonic missile. The missile was designed by Chelomei at NPO Mashinostrenniye and designated as the AS-X It was equipped with a 1 Mt thermonuclear warhead and used inertial navigation with mid-course update via data link.

Manufacturer: Chelomei. Maximum range: 3, km 1, mi. Source wikiwand. TuSK is an upgraded commercial version principally used to launch satellites within the Burlak system. Behind-the-scenes sneak peak on how the TuM2 , the "White Swans", are assembled and brought to life AvGeek pic.

com Maxim Bogodvid Production of the modernized TuM2 bomber would begin in Here Excerpt. Russian Aerospace Forces Commander Viktor Bondarev has confirmed that the new TuM2 strategic bomber would take to the skies in March Military analyst Viktor Tuchkov says that with an estimated combat effectiveness two and a half times greater than its predecessor, the TuM2 is more advanced than anything the US has in its arsenal.

Today, in order to ensure the reproduction of the aircraft in a new shape, the Unified Information Environment EIS is being created in Tupolev company, which provides digital design and production methods.

In total, it is planned to attract about 1, specialists to participate in the project. Thanks to the EIS, all work is planned to be completed in about four years. Its efficiency will increase by 2. The Newest Version of the Massive Tupolev Tu Blackjack Was Rolled-Out This Week.

While the original version of the Tu first flew in December of , the program was halted with collapse of the Soviet Union. Ukraine acquired several of the aircraft that were subsequently traded back to Russia in a bombers-for-natural gas deal. Speaking to officials at the Gorbunov Aviation Factory in Kazan, southwest Russia on Thursday, Russian President Vladimir Putin pondered whether a passenger variant of the Tu, the supersonic variable-sweep wing heavy strategic bomber known as the White Swan, might be a viable idea.

The president expressed the idea after watching a test flight of the Pyotr Deynekin, the latest Tu design. Yuri Slyusar, the head of the United Aircraft Corporation, a company whose holdings include the Gorbunov plant, told Putin that UAC already has a project of a new supersonic passenger liner in the works.

Deputy Prime Minister Dmitri Rogozin, whose portfolio includes aerospace, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov, and Industry and Trade Minister Denis Manturov accompanied Putin during the plant inspection.

Tu passenger flights flew along the Moscow-Alma Atta route for a short period in the late s, with tickets priced at 1. Despite making its first flight two months before the Concorde, the Tu never achieved the same level of commercial success as its Anglo-French cousin.

The Concorde, introduced in the mids, continued flights across the Atlantic until the plane was retired from service in Source sputniknews.

The Russian bomber Tu Blackjack is a supersonic aircraft, variable-geometry wing heavy strategic bomber. With the main purpose destroy target with precision nuclear and conventional weapons at the enemy at distances up to Tu M2 — it is a deeply modernized version of the Tu M Blackjack.

The main differences concern the cockpit, powerplant, armament warehouses of electronics board and also given great importance to the reduction of Blackjack trace. It has the latest generation of electronic systems such as: a long range navigation system and other new generation subsystems ; 2.

Flight refuelling probe, extended; 3. consists of a four crew comprised the pilot, the co-pilot, the navigation officer and the officer weapon system; 4.

The Blackjack has two weapons bay, with a total capacity of Power Plant NK after burning turbofan engines;. The modernized version of Blackjack M2 will join service not before and will remain in service until Range: Tu M2 Blackjack source redstar.

The airframe structure is based on a titanium beam, all-welded torsion box. Throughout the entire airframe, all the main airframe members are secured to the titanium beam. The variable geometry outer tapered wings sweep back from 20° to 65° in order to provide high-performance flight characteristics at supersonic and subsonic speeds.

The tail surfaces, horizontal and vertical, are one piece and all-moving. The Tu uses fly-by-wire controls. The aircraft is equipped with three-strut landing gear, a tail wheel and a brake parachute.

It can attack strategic targets with nuclear and conventional weapons in continental theatres of operation. For take-off, the aircraft requires a concrete runway of 3,m. Tricycle landing gear is controlled bow rack and two main units located behind the center of mass of the aircraft.

Track chassis — mm, chassis base — mm. The size of the main wheels — h mm, bow — h mm. The front is removed by turning back on the flight.

The two main landing gear with a six-wheeled trolleys mounted directly on the center and removed back on the flight in special compartments niches.

With the release of the main rack, pushing, shifting to mm to the outside. This increases the track chassis.

The chassis design allows operation with existing bomber airfields without additional work on the strengthening of the runway. Translated by google — Source paralay. The crew of the Tu comprises a pilot, co-pilot, a navigator and an operator.

The pilot and copilot have fighter-like sticks instead of yoke controls; cockpit layout is traditional, based mostly on dial indicators and displays, archaic by Western standards.

A small galley and toilet are provided for crew comfort, unusual luxuries by the standards of Soviet-Russian combat aircraft. The crew get into and out of the aircraft through a door in the nose gear wheel well.

In the cockpit and cabins, all the data is presented on conventional electro-mechanical indicators and monitors, and not head-up displays or cathode ray tube displays.

The Tu has a control stick for flight control as used in a fighter aircraft — rather than control wheels or yokes, which are usually used in large transporter or bomber aircraft.

The Tu can carry nuclear and conventional weapons including long-range nuclear missiles. The missiles are accommodated on multi-station launchers in each of the two weapons bays. source redstar. TuM to get New Long Range Nuclear Capable Cruise Missile: Here Raduga Kh AS subsonic air-launched cruise missiles.

The Kh has pop-out wings and fins, and has an INS to get to the target area and terrain-following system for terminal attack. It differs visibly from the Tomahawk in that its entire R turbofan engine is extended out of the fuselage after launch, not just the air intake. The Tu is capable of carrying the strategic cruise missile KhSM , which is known in the West by the Nato designation and codename AS Kent.

Up to 12 KhSM missiles can be carried, six in each bay. The KhSM is propelled by a turbofan engine. The maximum range is 3,km, and it is armed with a kt nuclear warhead.

Kh series missiles are carried by Bear and Blackjack heavy bombers. The Bear can carry six in an internal rotary launcher. It can also carry more Khs externally, though in an overload flight condition: two are carried on a stores attachment between the fuselage and inboard engine, and three are carried on a stores attachment between the two engines on each wing, for a total of ten missiles.

Roughly 1, Khs were built into the early s. Sources hint that it was strictly submarine launched. Source craymond. The KhSE is a derivative of Kh cruise missile intended as a long range, aircraft-launched anti-ship missile. The KhSE has been designed to perform as a sea-skimming anti-ship missile with terminal active radar homing.

Source deagel. The Kh is a conventional variant of the Kh

Tu Blackjack Bono de Bienvenida en Bingo Practica tu Blackjack Masks Pracica Zvezda Blackjck Academy Practica tu Blackjack. Tools Tools. Manufacturer: Aber Practca code: abeR Availability: Practica tu Blackjack stock! TuC Tu Tu Tu Tu SAM Tu Tu Tu Tu Yuri Slyusar, the head of the United Aircraft Corporation, a company whose holdings include the Gorbunov plant, told Putin that UAC already has a project of a new supersonic passenger liner in the works. Retrieved 3 August

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